1 . Reasons provided in the film for Prison boom beginning in the 1970 ‘s
Incarceration involves jails terms confinements of people . Prison boom is the trend in incarceration rates that have doubled more than the past years . This is because since rise of drug war and explosion of prison large population due to discretion within it’s system allowing the arrest and prosecution of people of color which has alarmingly higher rates than that of whites which is the new criminal penalties according to Jim Crow ,black people being more targeted at arrests and prosecution .The prison population had drastically increased since end of black movement and Civil rights .Whites seemed to be having drastically inferior positions .
Lack of convincing evidence that can be used to track the prisoners both in prison life and after prison life seemed non tractable .No connections of the data related to the crime of the prisoners .There was a selection bias of the people to be sent to Prison .
2 .Have 5 % of population and 25 % of world’s biggest population
From the prison population list indicates a breakdown for the total population in prison . The amount of people in the prison accounted for 25 % total prison population .The strict law servers clearly show that the sentencing culture has been overlooked while giving the jail terms and most of them are incomplete . Policy makers had to be installed ( as a suggestion ) in order to text for population rise in the prisons . Incarceration is then difficult to be compared from other prisons .
3 . African Americans made 12 % of American population but 38 %of prison population .
Most of the African American imprisoned has been due to racism .The rate of Black people imprisonment is greater at an extent compared to the rate of white imprisonment .Racial and ethical differences has been the main source of higher rates of the Black people imprisonment . Going to prison can hinder the development of individual in terms of income and self development . Most of the Black American are in jail majority being falsely imprisoned due to their difference in race .It is believed that the black community are mostly involved in crimes compared to whites .
The consequences are either at individual basis or at society basis .At society basis it is believed that high level of imprisonment in societies causes increase of high crime rates in the neighborhood .The society and individual crisis are experienced by black people .The mass incarceration designed policies that dominate on the white culture mostly causing suppression to other races . Accomplishment of the criminal justice cannot be recognized without the racism factor being addressed . Sentencing project produced by the state level signifies that the black people have greatly been affected hence justice disproportionately .
4 .Roles of Civil rights movement in the 1960’s
By use of non violent protests the civil rights movement managed yo break the pattern of public services and justice acquirement being offered by the race dependency for the African Americans .The efforts made by the activists and protestors made the legislation to end the racism segregation .The civil rights acts of the 1960 helped in strengthening the voters rights expanding enforcement power of Civil rights act 1957 .The act included authorizing court appointed referees intended to help the Black Americans register and vote , provide federal inspection of the local voters polling station rolls
The civil rights movement was able to achieve the bus segregation unconstitutional for it had lost much of it’s revenue though Jim Crows laws was still to be followed .The 1960 presidential elections were also closely achieved . The March on declared in 1963 by the African American activist demanding for jobs for the African American to be involved in booming war time economy .The protest was later brought down after coming to an agreement that the ban discrimination is removed . The 1960 civil right act made the rise of the 1964 civil right act where more African American rights were supported ; either economically , socially .
5 . The US incarceration rate .
The US rate is 500 prisoners per 100 ,000 .Men making the largest population of the local jail population and in prisons having an imprisonment rate of 14 times that of women . The US has the highest population of prisoners .The incarceration rate is higher due to longer sentences and an increased likelihood of imprisonment .
6 .State that imprisons black at higher rate
Wisconsin is the leading county that imprisons the blacks at higher rates. At least one in a group of 36 Wisconsin are in prison .The Black population consists of 42 percent of the total population but only 6 percent of the entire state’s population.
7 .In 1850 3.2 millions African Americans are enslaved .In 2007 , there were 12 .5 millions African American under correction control of some kind .
8 . Philadelphia jail population is at around 4600 people which is approximately 38 % black men
9 .Why is the PA institutional law project suing the prison system in Philadelphia
This is because of the abuse and inhumane treatment in the prisons and overcrowding in the prison areas .
10.Discuss some of the reforms put in place to reduce overcrowding in Philadelphia and the most successful method .
By giving out better information which allows visitors to plan their visit reducing delay rates
By managing the flow of the prisoners
By creating supportive experience used in dispersing visitors
The most efficient way is by building better infrastructures to a point where over crowding can be totally avoided .
10 .A blow boat is a flattened bottom boat powered by an airplane propeller projecting above the sterns and used in swamps or shallow waters .
11 .Most of the people in county jail are serving their sentences
16 – 17 . Consequences after leaving prison with a felony record
Restrictions of professional licenses
Ineligibility for public funds including welfare benefits
Loss of voting right
Deportation for immigrants
Some of these consequences are fair at some degree level
18 – 19 .Under Caste are hereditary social behaviors that restrict some if their occupation and association with others while in Racial Caste it is the restriction of the association of other races other than his original . People with criminal records are restricted from association from other people , community or races .
20- 21 .Discretion is defined as the right of someone to make a decision
Discretion gives the police the right to carry out their job at any circumstance hence can falsely arrest an individual with the wrong case .
Change in evaluation is connected to the theoretical image of policy keeper hence can cause inequitable consequences arising from the police power .
Stronger force can be used in bringing “ peace “ to the community
22.43 % of the participants envision are black drug users
23 – 24;Recidivism is a person’s relapse to a criminal behavior after undergoing intervention of a previous crime . They have a higher rate because of community upbringing and lack of resources immediately after prison release .
25 . About 38 ,500 people
26 .Pre entry is the action of entering before hand .
27 .The case has to be first passed at the local magistrates which after several appeals it’s passed to the high Court .
28 -31 .. suggestions listed towards the end of war on drugs
By knowing how to resist temptation
By surrounding oneself with the right company that doesn’t use drugs
Distracting oneself with more useful activities
Learning how to cope with stress’s by relaxing without use of drugs
Avoiding places where one knows the drugs would be available
32 -35 Suggestions listed for criminal justice and prison reform
By focusing on evidence based rehabilitation strategies
Address co behavior issues related to criminality
Offering guidance and counseling to the prisoners immediately after serving their sentences
36 -40 .This video has helped in educating people on sources of crimes and prison rules in different countries .Some of the policies in accordance to the prison rule are also stated .
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